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Is Reverse Osmosis Water Alkaline?

Views [652]    Published:2016-03-03 00:41:20

Is reverse osmosis water alkaline? 

No. Reverse osmosis (RO) is a water filtration method that removes more than 99% of all the contaminants in water. 

The result is pure water, which which has neutral pH of 7. But if it’s exposed to air, RO water drops down to an acidic pH range of 5 – 5.5. Why? Pure water is very hungry. it actually grabs CO2 right out of the air! Within about an hour, a glass of pure RO water can drop from a pH of 7 down to a pH of 5.5 or lower and become acidic water. Alkaline water has a pH of greater than 7, so reverse osmosis water is not alkaline water. To alkalize it, you have to add calcium and other minerals to it.

Why air makes reverse osmosis water acidic?

Increasing levels of carbon in the air are causing oceans, lakes, rivers and streams to become more acidic. When water absorbs CO2 from the air, it makes a solution of  carbonic acid. Here’s the chemical reaction: H20 + CO2 = H2CO3. The more pure the source of water is, the more CO2 it can absorb, and the more acidic it will get. Reverse osmosis and distillation both produce nearly pure water, so both forms of water will readily turn acidic when exposed to air.

What makes alkaline water alkaline?

To raise the pH of pure water and make it alkaline you have to add something to it. But water in nature is never pure, it always has stuff in it, mostly mineral salts. Those substances are what causes the pH of water to be higher or lower than 7. Tap water gets it’s pH mostly from calcium bicarbonate and magnesium bicarbonate. These mineral salts are what causes the hard water deposits that clog your appliances. They also usually raise the pH of water, which is why nearly all tap water is slightly alkaline. Water that is acidic usually has a low mineral salt content.

A water ionizer raises the pH of tap water when it ionizes it into alkaline water. That happens because water ionizers change the mineral salts in tap water. Ionizers change the bicarbonate mineral salts in tap water into mineral hydroxide salts. Mineral hydroxide salts are a lot more alkaline than mineral carbonate salts. Changing the bicarbonate salts into hydroxide salts also  makes the water into an antioxidant. The hydroxide part of the mineral hydroxides in water puts hydroxyl ions in the water. The hydroxyl ion is a powerful antioxidant. Compare RO water to tap water and to alkaline water in the table below:

Reverse Osmosis water
Tap water
Alkaline water
Nearly pure H2O
Contains bicarbonate salts  
Contains hydroxide salts

Starts at a pH of 7

pH drops when exposed to air

pH of 7 or slightly higher
pH is higher than 7
Not an antioxidant
Not an antioxidant
Contains antioxidant hydroxyl ions

The hydroxyl ions in alkaline water are what makes it better for your health than plain water. They act as an antioxidant, helping to protect tissues and DNA from oxidative damage. The minerals in the water contribute the alkalinity which helps the body neutralize acids. Alkaline water is also easier to absorb than plain water, so it hydrates better.

How to make reverse osmosis water alkaline?

There are two steps for turning RO water into alkaline water.

First, The minerals that reverse osmosis took out must be replaced. Minerals are returned to RO water using a remineralization cartridge. These cartridges add calcium, magnesium, and other trace minerals that are essential for good health. The remineralizing cartridge is added to the output of the RO system.

Second, the remineralized water is then run through a water ionizer. The ionizer changes the bicarbonate salts in the water supplied by the remineralizing cartridge into hydroxide salts.

Medical grade alkaline water: Using the combination of reverse osmosis, remineralization, and water ionization makes the most pure alkaline water possible. This is the process that is used in health clinics and doctors offices to make antioxidant alkaline water to exacting medical specifications.

Can you remineralize your RO water into alkaline water?

There are no remineralizing cartridge that supply mineral hydroxides. The reason for that is that mineral hydroxides are very reactive to air. When exposed to air, mineral hydroxides rapidly convert to mineral bicarbonates because they absorb CO2 from the air. For the same reason, when you make alkaline water, you have to store it in a sealed container. The CO2 and the oxygen in air reacts with the mineral hydroxides in the alkaline water. The oxygen in air oxidizes them, and the CO2 acidifies them, so the healthy properties of the alkaline water is quickly lost.

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If you want the most pure alkaline water possible, there’s no better way than reverse osmosis with remineralization and a mineral Ionizer. Please contact us, AlkaVoda can help you.